INRA (National Institute for Agricultural Research) is a public research Institute , funded by the French Ministries of Agriculture and Research. INRA is a mission-oriented public research institution: its research is directed towards the development of a sustainable and competitive agriculture, environmental preservation, food quality and human nutrition. INRA’s mission is to generate new fundamental knowledge that will lead to innovation as well as expertise in decision-making in these major fields. With more than 8 500 permanent staff members , INRA is the largest European organization for agricultural research. It ranks 2nd in the world and 1st in Europe in terms of publications in agricultural sciences and plant and animal sciences. Most of the INRA research units are located across 21 regional research campuses (“Centres de recherche INRA”) in more than 120 different locations throughout mainland France and the West Indies.